How to Use Linux Operating System?

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Linux is an open-source operating system that has gained immense popularity for its stability, security, and versatility. Navigating this robust environment as a Linux beginner may seem challenging, but this thorough guide will take you through the fundamental steps of utilizing the Linux operating system. This blog will explore “How to Use Linux Operating System?”. If you want to learn Linux, join Linux Training In Chennai at FITA Academy, where you can learn every aspect of Linux.

Choosing a Linux Distribution

The first step on your Linux journey is selecting a distribution or “distro.” Distros are variations of the Linux OS, each tailored to specific needs. Ubuntu, Fedora, Debian, CentOS, and Mint are among the most popular choices. 


The installation comes next after selecting a distribution. With step-by-step instructions, Linux installations have become more user-friendly. You can set up your device to dual-boot with Linux and your existing operating system or use Linux as the only OS. Different distributions have different installation procedures, but in most cases, you’ll need a bootable USB device or DVD to get started.

Desktop Environment

Your desktop environment, or Linux’s graphical user interface (GUI), will greet you after a successful installation. Every distribution frequently provides a variety of desktop environments with distinctive designs and features. Popular choices include XFCE, Cinnamon, GNOME, and KDE Plasma. The user interface in these contexts is well-known and includes a start menu, taskbar, and application launcher.

Navigating the File System

Linux organizes its files within a hierarchical structure, with the root directory (“/”) at the top. As you delve into Linux, become acquainted with directories like “home” (housing user files), “bin” (system binaries), “etc” (configuration files), and others. The command-line interface (CLI) will help you navigate and manipulate these directories effectively.

Software Installation

Linux offers an extensive software repository accessible through package managers like APT (Debian-based) and DNF (Fedora-based). These package managers simplify discovering, installing, and managing software applications. Additionally, many distros feature user-friendly software centres where you can explore, select, and install applications effortlessly. You can Join Linux Online Courses to gain knowledge and valid certification in Linux.

Terminal Usage

Being proficient with the terminal, a text-based interface, will improve your knowledge of Linux. The terminal provides efficiency and power through commands, whereas GUIs are user-friendly. Your workflow will be much enhanced if you learn the fundamental commands ‘ls’ (list files and directories), ‘cd’ (change directory), ‘mkdir’ (create the directory), and ‘sudo’ (run commands with elevated capabilities).

Understanding File Permissions

Linux has an advanced file permission system that manages access and modification privileges. User, group, and other categories are used to categorize files and folders; each has a unique set of permissions. Knowing how to control these permissions assures the system’s security and privacy.

Updates and Maintenance

It’s essential to update your Linux system frequently for security and functionality. Most distros offer automated updating systems that guarantee you receive the most recent patches and improvements. These upgrades bring new features and enhancements in addition to securing your system.


Any operating system, including Linux, will eventually run into problems. With countless online resources, forums, wikis, and official documentation, the Linux community is large and supportive. These resources can be used to solve a variety of problems when troubleshooting.

The Linux operating system gives you unmatched control over your computing experience, making it a satisfying endeavour. You can explore more complex topics like shell scripting, system administration, and even software creation as you gain more confidence in the fundamentals. Accept the open-source concept of Linux to gain access to a world of personalization, effectiveness, and limitless possibilities. To learn every fundamental of Linux, Join Linux Course In Chennai and build knowledge to become an expert in Linux.